People’s Network-Sports Channel Original Draft
Baseball is a team sport with at least 9 players. Baseball players are divided into offensive and defensive sides and play in a diamond-shaped baseball field. In the game, the two teams attack alternately, and when the attacking player successfully runs back to home plate, he can get 1 point. The winning team is the cumulative leader of scores in 9 games. If there is a tie, continue the game until the outcome is decided.
Understand the baseball game in two minutes
(a) the venue
The whole playing field is divided into infield and outfield. There are four bases in the infield, which are arranged counterclockwise from the lowest home plate as first base, second base and third base respectively.
In one and a half innings, nine defenders played, namely, ① pitcher, ② catcher, ③ first baseman, ④ second baseman, ⑤ third baseman, ⑤ shortstop, ⑦ left fielder, ⑧ center fielder and ⑨ right fielder.
(2) Technical terms
Touching: The batter puts the bat horizontally, not asking to hit the ball far, but asking for a ground ball, which is generally used as a tactic to push base runner on base.
Stealing bases: base runner doesn’t have to wait for the batter to hit the ball before running. As long as the pitcher throws the ball, base runner can run to the next base bag, which is called stealing bases.
Hit: The batter hit the ball where the defender couldn’t catch it normally and ran to first base successfully.
Home Run: Simply put, the batter hit the baseball off the court and no one could get it back, so he had to let the attacking opponent run the base at will. According to different scores, it can be divided into Yangchun home run, two/three home run and slam home run.
Home Run: A hit in baseball in which the batter can step on all the bases in the order of first base, second base, third base and home plate around the infield.
Batting rate: an important index to evaluate the batter’s performance. It is calculated by dividing the number of hits by the number of hits. Generally speaking, a professional baseball player is considered a competent hitter if his batting average is above 0.280, an excellent hitter if his batting average is above 0.300, and a great hitter if his batting average is above 0.400.
Finished pitching: The pitcher didn’t pitch for another pitcher in the game from the first inning to the end of the game. No matter whether the final result of the game is victory or defeat, or whether there are scores, it is called finished pitching.
Touch ball: in baseball, the batter’s body or clothing is hit by the ball thrown by the pitcher. According to the baseball rules, the batter who gets the touch ball should be walked to first base, and the moment the ball touches the batter, it becomes a stop ball, and the runner on the base can’t steal the base at will.
Strike zone: the three-dimensional space between the upper edge of the knee and the armpit of the batter’s natural standing position above the home plate. This area is called "strike zone".
Score: The offensive behavior that the attacking team members run to the base after hitting the ball and touch the first, second and third bases in turn, and finally touch the home plate safely is called "score".
Out: An attacking team member who is deprived of the right to hit the ball, run the base or score is called out.
(3) Core rules
During the game, the two teams take turns to attack and defend: when the attacking player successfully runs back to home plate, he can score 1 point. In the 9 th game, the team with the highest score wins. At the end of the 9 th game, the two sides will enter the extended game until the winner is separated. As for the order of attack and defense, it is generally decided by drawing lots or according to the home and away games.
(4) Arrangement of players
The two teams each have nine players. But at the beginning of each half game, only the batter plays alone. The other eight teammates are waiting outside.
The batter flew the ball, started from home plate, captured first base, and became base runner. Next, the second batter goes up, and if he also makes it to base, then the third batter goes up. ……
Because there are only four bases in total, there are only four players on the court at most. The nine players on the defensive side all played together from the beginning.
(5) Basic technology
The basic skills of baseball consist of catching, passing, hitting and running.
Catch the ball: catch the ball with both hands in place and keep your eyes on the incoming ball. When catching the ball, both hands should have backward buffering action to avoid collision and rebound.
Pass: Hold the ball with your index finger, middle finger and thumb. Passing the ball is the same as pitching, the front foot should point to the target, pay attention to the wrist swing when passing, and finish the forward and follow-up actions after throwing the ball. There are three passing postures, namely, shoulder pass, shoulder pass, under-shoulder pass or low hand pass.
Hit the ball: there are two methods: swing with a stick and touch with a stick. The batter holds the stick in both hands, and adopts the corresponding hitting method according to the pitching action and the route of the ball coming from the pitcher, and strives to hit the ball to the distance or gap that the defender can’t reach.
Base running: After the batter hits the ball, he immediately gets on the base and grabs the base position at the moment when the defender doesn’t receive the ball.
Some people don’t have a correct understanding of baseball games, and some people think that the rules of baseball are complicated and not easy to understand. In fact, the rules of baseball are indeed complicated compared with the popular football, basketball, table tennis and other projects, but they are by no means difficult to understand. As long as you understand the basic rules, you will find baseball very interesting, nervous and interesting. In fact, it is precisely because of its complicated rules that the competition presents a tense and interesting situation. In this sense, baseball has its unique advantages.